Forty best international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of an application to make lower concentrations of nicotine available for use within electronic cigarettes (“vaping”).
Around Australia, it is actually illegal to possess or use nicotine other than in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified inside the Poisons Standard being a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Since the primary addictive part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is portion of the problem. However, it may also be portion of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers having an alternative way to get the nicotine which they are addicted without the tobacco smoke that triggers many of the harm from smoking.
In addition to delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several important aspects in the “smoking experience”. This includes the hand-to-mouth movement and also the sensory and social facets of the habit of smoking that smokers so often miss once they make an effort to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The effects of nicotine are relatively minor. It is not a carcinogen and does not cause respiratory disease. It offers only relatively minor effects on the heart, such as short-lived rises in heart rate and blood pressure, constriction of coronary arteries and a rise in the contracting of the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. It is also damaging to the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There is some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated through the toxins in tobacco smoke and used in its pure form, there is very little proof long-term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Research has found the health risks from vaping are unlikely to become a lot more than 5% of the potential risk of smoking, and could well be substantially below this. As the vast majority of vapor cigarette for sale users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents a huge health benefit for individuals who change to vaping.
The impact of vaping on bystanders can also be thought to be negligible. E-cigarettes release lower levels of nicotine and minimal quantities of other chemicals into the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly without any significant health hazards to bystanders.
Recent studies have found nicotine is far less toxic than previously thought. Many cases of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions lead to prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in kids typically causes mild adverse effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine may be prevented with good sense, childproof packaging and warning labels, much like other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products based in the home.
Overseas experience indicates e-cigarettes usually are not a gateway to smoking for younger people. Although adolescents are tinkering with e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The great most of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
In reality, evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting as an “exit gateway” and are displacing smoking. It is actually obviously better for younger people to not use e-cigarettes, but vaping is far better smoking.
Smokers who are trying to lessen the health hazards from smoking are employing e-cigarettes almost exclusively as a safer alternative to combustible tobacco. After a decade of overseas’ experience, there exists xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are employed for any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for example, in places in which you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine needs to be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful kind of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the most lethal form of nicotine intake (cigarettes). Regardless of the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, electronic cigarette use continues to be growing rapidly within australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard will allow smokers who are unable or unwilling to give up smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. It is also legally utilized in nicotine-replacement therapies including patches, so why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation under the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and make sure child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It might also get rid of the black market and the risks related to it.
Research conducted recently estimated over 6 million European Union citizens have used e-cigarettes to stop smoking. In the united kingdom, 1.3 million ex-smokers are employing an e-cigarette. Similarly, chances are tens of thousands of Australians will give up smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.