When buying a pre-owned forklift, many buyers be concerned about getting bound to a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly we all know what to look for in the vehicle, but have you thought about a forklift? It’s a costly purchase that you need to be reliable for years. The following is a simple checklist you should try to find when looking for a second hand forklift.
Please note: This post covers physical inspection of used forklifts. For advice on deciding on a forklift size and kind, please see this informative article.
It was once a chore, needing to drive from a factory to a different one (often widely spaced in several suburbs). Now needless to say we certainly have the internet to assist. Most forklift sellers will have a site (much like this particular one!), and having the capability to see in advance what sort of units are available can be a massive way to save time. When checking websites, it’s still a smart idea to ring the retailer and check that there are no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts prior to they could be listed on the site.
When checking forklifts online it can be hard to find out details but you want to be looking for the following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t broken down
At your location inspection
As you now have selected several retailers or units to check out, make and appointment and go take a look. This is when it is possible to really get a full look at the used forklift under consideration. In case you are shopping with a low budget under consideration, you will need to make allowances for a unit that can not meet each one of these criteria, but seek out any problems and ask the salesman specifically if they can be fixed prior to purchase, especially items that might develop into a safety hazard or stop the device from working.
Please remember that this really is a guide only, and according to the age and expense of the unit, you might want to compromise. The most important thing is usually to A:Get good value and B:Get a reliable forklift
Look for new paint or paint in good shape, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and enormous dints will not be. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and begin the engine. It will start easily and idle smoothly (it will probably be more noisy compared to a car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and appearance tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust ought to be minimal if LPG, and totally free of excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if necessary). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to increase lift speed then run in idle to make sure it is constantly raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine should not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism should never move too much, carriage should not be sloppy. Drop down, movement needs to be smooth and steady, all stages should relocate turn without jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look underneath the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and check for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation ought to be smooth for many controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation should be fast and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around in a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls are found.
Seat and Lights
Seat must be free from large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if a part of original equipment), needs to be functional. Flashing light on roof ought to be working, other lights if fitted needs to be working but they are not essential unless road use is required. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All four tyres ought to be evenly worn, with sufficient usage left on them. Solid and cushion tyres ought to be free of major tears and damage, Solid tyres must have tread. Pneumatic tyres must have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Be sure that seals work, no smell our sound should come from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and remove tank to make certain it is actually held firmly.
Tynes should certainly slide on carriage, but be held securely in place when clipped in, instead of flop about. Check tynes in the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially in the ‘heel’ (bend) of the tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid needs to be small, no long term buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Switch on charger and make sure it really works, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying over the internet without inspection
Living interstate from your used forklift under consideration or are in a rural area, you could be forced to purchase over the internet. There is nothing wrong with this particular approach, you need to simply be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, ask for extensive details and loads of photos, especially close ups in the motor and mast/carriage. If at all possible demonstrate to them to some friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units the same price. Inquire about warranty availability, it is almost always restricted for interstate purchasing but be sure the salesman understands that you anticipate reliability and good shape and so are willing to return the forklift if this doesn’t meet your expectations.